The mysterious GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Registered) is a number with a meaning that seems to confuse even some of the brightest. One of the Cardinal sins of Overland is to increase complexity, and weight is the direct result of unnecessarily adding things onto a vehicle. Whether it is armor, larger tires, more stuff, or even more people, everything you stick in the vehicle is one pound closer to the GVWR.
Lets break down GVWR to better understand it. Gross refers to an entirety, in this case weight, Registered which is the limit. So, Gross Vehicle Weight Registered simply means, the maximum weight the vehicle is allowed to be. That number is built upon two other separate figures, curb weight and payload.
Curb weight is the weight of your vehicle, fully outfitted. That means full fluids, fuel, and any applicable options. Payload is the difference between curb weight and GVWR. If your vehicle weighs 5000 pounds, and has a GVWR of 6500 pounds, that means you have a total of 1500 pounds of payload to consider.
Often times it is forgotten that things like passengers also include the payload of the vehicle. As you can expect, it is easy to eat through the payload capacity of a vehicle and suddenly you are over the GVWR. This is important because the moment your vehicle surpasses that figure, you are overweight and not legal for road travel. That means severe legal and safety implications if you, your passengers and everyone around you. Additionally, you compromise the efficiency and longevity of your vehicle, and put the drivetrain under undue stress.
By being thoughtful of your outfitting of a vehicle, and its limitations you can ensure your safety and others, and enjoy your vehicle and experience more. More efficiency means less fuel consumption, and that means you can go further!
Interested in learning more about the weight dimensions of your vehicle? Inside the door jam of the driver door near the latch is a placard with the weight limits of your vehicle, as well as other information about tire size and pressure. Additionally, inside the owners manual of your vehicle you can find the specifications of the vehicle in the index.